Cities, Growth and Poverty

JRF-logoWhat is the connection between growth and poverty in UK cities? Cities are increasingly seen as the drivers of the national economy, and the UK Government is devolving new powers to the largest and fastest-growing urban areas. Cities also tend to have concentrations of poverty. 

An evidence review examines how strategies for economic growth and poverty reduction can be aligned.

Summary findings

  • There is no guarantee that economic growth will reduce poverty – in some economically expanding cities poverty has stayed the same or increased;
  • employment growth has the greatest impact on poverty, but if jobs are low-paid or go to workers living outside the area, the impact is minimal;
  • increased output risks worsening poverty because it can lead to increases in the cost of living;
  • some cities are tackling this by promoting employment in expanding sectors or providing training for disadvantaged groups so they can access opportunities associated with major infrastructure projects.

The full report can be opened here.

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Ethnic inequalities in labour market participation?

ethnicity-blog-img-1Using recently published 2011 Census data the Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity has analysed ethnic differences in labour market participation for men and women aged 25 to 49 in England and Wales.

Summary findings

  • The White ethnic groups(with the marked exception of the Gypsy or Irish Traveller group) were in a more advantaged position in the labour market compared with other ethnic groups.
  • This advantage is apparent from rates of economic activity and unemployment. For economic activity, only Indian men and Black Caribbean women had a similar rate to the White ethnic groups. For unemployment, Pakistani men had rates that were one and a half times the rate for White British men, and Black Caribbean men had rates almost three times as high. Pakistani women’s unemployment rate was more than three times White British women’s, and for Black Caribbean women, unemployment was more than twice White British women’s.

  • Women had lower rates of economic activity than men in all ethnic groups. However, this difference was greatest for Bangladeshi (87% for men vs. 40% for women), Pakistani (88% vs. 43%), Arab (69% vs. 40%) and White Gypsy or Irish Traveller (67% vs. 41%) groups.
  • The White Gypsy or Irish Traveller group was particularly disadvantaged. Both men and women had very low rates of economic activity (67% for men and 41% for women) and very high rates of unemployment (16% for men and 19% for women).
  • Men and women in each of the Black and Mixed Black ethnic groups, except for Black Caribbean women, had high rates of unemployment.
  • One third of Bangladeshi economically active men were in part-time work, a surprisingly high rate that was equivalent to that for Bangladeshi women.

To open the full briefing please click here.

Employers are from Mars, young people are from Venus

CIPD-logoThere is a distinct mismatch between the expectations of employers and young people in the recruitment process, recent Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) research has revealed.

This conflict of understanding hinders entry to the labour market for young jobseekers and contributes to high rates of youth unemployment, the institute has warned.

It also fuels a “ticking time bomb” of skills shortages for UK businesses, who might be unwittingly limiting their access to a diverse pool of talent in the 16-24 age group.

The report available here identified a number of flash points that hindered young people from finding work, which included the “vicious cycle” of employers asking for workplace experience for entry level roles.

Bradford Monthly Unemployment Update – June 2013

The claimant unemployment figures for May 2013 were released on 12 June 2013.

 Unemployment Time Series Picture

  1. The total number of people aged 16-64 claiming Jobseekers Allowance was 19,416, a rate of 5.9%.   This is a decrease of 208 over the month, and a decrease of 807 since February
  2.   5,390 young people aged 18-24 are claiming Jobseekers Allowance, a rate of 10.9%
  3.  6,340 people have been claiming for over 12 months – 33% of the total claimants.

To view the summary for May 2013.  Please Click here

To view data at ward or other geographies Please Click here

To view unemployment data in an interactive time series map for Bradford with comparators then Please Click here

Social entrepreneurs tackling local problems in Bradford

JRF-logoThe Bradford Social Future Awards innovative pilot scheme was a partnership between JRF, UnLtd and Bradford Metropolitan District Council from May 2011 to June 2012. It showed the untapped potential of local people to find local solutions to local problems, and a readiness to take risks through backing social entrepreneurs with flexible finance and support.

To open the summary report click here.